Steroids (Anabolic-Androgenic) FactsSteroids are drugs that help the growth and repair of muscle tissue. They are synthetic hormones that imitate male sex hormones, specifically testosterone. Steroids can increase lean ahabolic mass, strength and endurance, but only if used in conjunction with certain exercise anabolic steroids facts diet dianabol only gains 1. They can also help people reduce fat and recover anabolic steroids facts from injury 2. Steroids are classed as performance and image enhancing drugs PIEDs.
Anabolic steroids: Use, side effects, and risks
Anabolic-androgenic steroids are man-made substances related to male sex hormones. These drugs are available legally only by prescription, to treat conditions that occur when the body produces abnormally low amounts of testosterone, such as delayed puberty and some types of impotence.
They are also prescribed to treat body wasting in patients with AIDS and other diseases that result in loss of lean muscle mass. Abuse of anabolic steroids, however, can lead to serious health problems, some irreversible. Today, athletes and others abuse anabolic steroids to enhance performance and also to improve physical appearance.
Anabolic steroids are taken orally or injected, typically in cycles of weeks or months referred to as "cycling" , rather than continuously. Cycling involves taking multiple doses of steroids over a specific period of time, stopping for a period, and starting again. In addition, users often combine several different types of steroids to maximize their effectiveness while minimizing negative effects referred to as "stacking". The major side effects from abusing anabolic steroids can include liver tumors and cancer , jaundice yellowish pigmentation of skin, tissues, and body fluids , fluid retention, high blood pressure , increases in LDL bad cholesterol , and decreases in HDL good cholesterol.
Other side effects include kidney tumors, severe acne , and trembling. In addition, there are some gender-specific side effects:. Scientific research also shows that aggression and other psychiatric side effects may result from abuse of anabolic steroids. Many users report feeling good about themselves while on anabolic steroids, but researchers report that extreme mood swings also can occur, including manic-like symptoms leading to violence.
Depression often is seen when the drugs are stopped and may contribute to dependence on anabolic steroids. Researchers report also that users may suffer from paranoid jealousy, extreme irritability, delusions, and impaired judgment stemming from feelings of invincibility.
Research also indicates that some users might turn to other drugs to alleviate some of the negative effects of anabolic steroids. For example, a study of men admitted in to a private treatment center for dependence on heroin or other opioids found that 9. MTF annually assesses drug use among the Nation's 8th, 10th, and 12th grade students. Past year use was reported by 0. Perceived risk of steroid use, which is collected only for seniors, increased significantly, from Disapproval of steroid use, also collected only for seniors, did not change significantly from to Affective and psychotic symptoms associated with anabolic steroid use.
American Journal of Psychiatry 4: The survey has tracked 12th-graders' illicit drug use and related attitudes since ; in , 8th- and 10th-graders were added to the study. The latest data are online at www. Health Hazards The major side effects from abusing anabolic steroids can include liver tumors and cancer , jaundice yellowish pigmentation of skin, tissues, and body fluids , fluid retention, high blood pressure , increases in LDL bad cholesterol , and decreases in HDL good cholesterol.
In addition, there are some gender-specific side effects: For men - shrinking of the testicles, reduced sperm count, infertility , baldness , development of breasts, increased risk for prostate cancer. For women - growth of facial hair, male-pattern baldness, changes in or cessation of the menstrual cycle , enlargement of the clitoris, deepened voice. For adolescents - growth halted prematurely through premature skeletal maturation and accelerated puberty changes.
This means that adolescents risk remaining short for the remainder of their lives if they take anabolic steroids before the typical adolescent growth spurt. Take the Exercise and Fitness Quiz!
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