Anabolic SteroidsAnabolic steroids are synthetic substances similar to the male hormone testosterone. Doctors prescribe health canada anabolic steroids to treat problems such as delayed puberty and other medical problems that cause the body to make very low amounts of testosterone. Steroids make muscles bigger and bones stronger. They also may cause puberty to start and can help some boys who have a genetic disorder to grow more normally. Anabolic steroids may be taken as a pill, as a shot into a muscle, or as a gel or cream rubbed on the health canada anabolic steroids. Anabolic steroid medicines include testosterone cypionate such as Depo-testosterone and testosterone undecylenate such deca durabolin dawkowanie Andriol.
CA website is launching late April Generic and trade names: Many kinds of steroids occur naturally in various hormones and vitamins. The musclebuilding anabolic and masculinizing androgenic effects of these drugs make them appealing to athletes and bodybuilders. Anabolic steroids have few medical uses. Their primary use is to promote weight gain and muscle development in farm animals. They are rarely prescribed to humans; however, they are sometimes used to treat delayed puberty, some types of impotence, and wasting of the body caused by AIDS and other diseases.
Although little research has been done on steroidal supplements, if taken in large quantities, they likely produce the same effects, and the same side-effects, as anabolic steroids. Anabolic steroids manufactured by pharmaceutical companies are available legally only by prescription.
Most steroids used by athletes are smuggled, stolen or made in clandestine laboratories. Veterinary drugs are often used. Although trafficking these drugs is illegal, the penalities imposed tend to be minor. Possession of steroids is legal. Anabolic steroids come in the form of tablets, capsules, a solution for injection and a cream or gel to rub into the skin.
Weightlifters and bodybuilders who use steroids often take doses that are up to times greater than those used to treat medical conditions. Regimented methods of taking steroids are believed to enhance the effects of these drugs and lessen harm to the body. However, there is no scientific evidence to back up these claims. Such methods include the following:. Most non-medical use of steroids is by athletes who believe that these drugs will help them to win, and by bodybuilders and young men who think they will look better with bigger muscles.
People who use steroids to improve athletic performance and build muscles are mostly men; however, the highest increase in use is among young women. Some people take steroids because they have a disorted body image where they believe their muscles are small or that they have too much body fat, even when they are lean and muscular.
Steroid use has also been found among people with a history of abuse or assault who wish to build muscles in order to protect themselves better. Steroid use is banned by the International Olympic Committee and many other amateur and professional sports organizations.
Regular mandatory testing is standard only at the international level of competition. Successful prevention of steroid abuse focuses on teaching people about how to refuse drugs and about other ways to build muscle bulk and strength.
Steroids can produce a variety of psychological effects ranging from euphoria to hostility. Some people who take steroids say the drugs make them feel powerful and energetic.
However, steroids are also known to increase irritability, anxiety and aggression and cause mood swings, manic symptoms and paranoia, particularly when taken in high doses. Variations in how people respond to steroids may be due in part to individual differences, or depend on which type of steroid was taken. Scientific understanding of the effects of non-medical anabolic steroid use is limited.
High doses, especially when taken orally, causenausea, vomiting and gastric irritation. Other effects include fluid retention and trembling. Addiction to steroids differs from many other drugs in that tolerance to the effects does not develop. However, some people who abuse steroids meet criteria for drug dependence in that they. Some of the effects of steroids disappear when drug use is stopped, but others are permanent.
The effects of long-term use include:. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Turn on more accessible mode. Turn off more accessible mode. Skip to main content.
This page location is: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. Anabolic Steroids Page Content. Where do steroids come from? What do steroids look like, and how are they used? Such methods include the following: How do steroids make you feel? Taking high doses of steroids increases risk of enlargement and abnormalities of the heart, blood clots, high blood pressure, heart attack and stroke. Steroid-related heart failure has occurred in athletes younger than Depression may persist for a year after drug use is stopped.
Yes, they can be. However, some people who abuse steroids meet criteria for drug dependence in that they continue to take steroids, even when they experience negative physical or emotional effects spend large amounts of time and money obtaining the drugs experience withdrawal symptoms such as mood swings, fatigue, restlessness, depression, loss of appetite, insomnia, reduced sex drive and the desire to take more steroids.
What are the long-term effects of taking steroids? The effects of long-term use include: