You and Your HormonesChapter 13 in Textbook Chapter 36 in Lab Book. Name six hormones by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Thyroid Stimulating TSH 5. Name two hormones secreted by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland. Name the pituitary hormone that causes kidneys to conserve water. Glucocortifoid the pituitary hormone that stimulates cells to increase in size and divide more rapidly.
Endocrine SET 1 Flashcards | Quizlet
Situated along the perimeter of the adrenal gland , the adrenal cortex mediates the stress response through the production of mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids , such as aldosterone and cortisol , respectively. It is also a secondary site of androgen synthesis. The adrenal cortex comprises three main zones, or layers.
This anatomic zonation can be appreciated at the microscopic level, where each zone can be recognized and distinguished from one another based on structural and anatomic characteristics. All adrenocortical steroid hormones are synthesized from cholesterol. Cholesterol is transported into the adrenal gland. The steps up to this point occur in many steroid -producing tissues. Subsequent steps to generate aldosterone and cortisol, however, primarily occur in the adrenal cortex:. The adrenal cortex produces a number of different corticosteroid hormones.
The primary mineralocorticoid , aldosterone , is produced in the adrenocortical zona glomerulosa by the action of the enzyme aldosterone synthase also known as CYP11B2.
They are produced in the zona fasciculata. The primary glucocorticoid released by the adrenal gland is cortisol in humans and corticosterone in many other animals.
Its secretion is regulated by the hormone ACTH from the anterior pituitary. Upon binding to its target, cortisol enhances metabolism in several ways:. They are produced in the zona reticularis. The most important androgens include:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Adrenal cortex Layers of cortex. Anatomy of the endocrine system. Pars intermedia Pars tuberalis Pars distalis Acidophil cell Somatotropic cell Prolactin cell Somatomammotrophic cell Basophil cell Corticotropic cell Gonadotropic cell Thyrotropic cell Chromophobe cell.
Pars nervosa Median eminence Stalk Pituicyte Herring bodies. Follicular cell Parafollicular cell. Chief cell Oxyphil cell. Zona glomerulosa Zona fasciculata Zona reticularis. Enteroendocrine cell Paraganglia Organ of Zuckerkandl Placenta Development List of human endocrine organs and actions.