Canada currently finds itself at the intersection of two historic social phenomena with massive implications for public health. CBD, a compound from marijuana and hemp, may help some people wean off opioids. Consumer Reports looked at the research to see why. What are opioids and why are they so dangerously addictive? Opioids refer to a broad and potent group of pain-relieving drugs, which work by.
CBD Addiction? Can Treat Opioid
Besides, controlled non-randomized clinical trials CCTs , and prospective and retrospective comparative cohort research design were used to analyze and compare published comprehensive data on the use of cannabis as an adjunct treatment for opioid addiction. The research used information sources developed from searching medical subject headings Mesh and text words related to the use of medical cannabis for treatment of opioid addiction on selected databases.
So as to identify systematic reviews, the study used search terms combined with appropriate Boolean operators which included the subject heading terms for three key aspects: In the search, totaling to unique hits, search articles were removed leading to a screening of 30 full-text journals. Out of these, 8 full-text papers were excluded since they used non-randomized control trials. Out of the 22 remaining articles, 7 were of low quality while 5 were of moderate quality and 10 yielded results of high quality.
The data in each of the studies were summarized as per the following aspects: Apparently, the data extraction process included systematic review articles, studied population, and the summary of findings in each study. A narrative approach was used to collect information on medical cannabis intervention for outcome analysis Figure 1. From the ten articles selected in the systematic reviews, varied results were established.
In one study for opioid addicted patients enrolled in a medical cannabis program MCP , a 21 month of observation yielded a positive outcome. MCP was related to Results of the same study indicated 5. The participants in the survey reported pain reduction in addition to improvements in activity levels, social life, and overall quality of life. However, patients on prescription opioids reported increased incidences of addiction.
Research further suggests that patients being managed for opioids addiction reported multiple benefits on the use of medical cannabis. Retrospective cohort studies established that marijuana indicated in treating opioid use disorder reduced cravings for heroin users.
Pilot studies on cannabidiol CBD , one of the cannabinoids found in the marijuana plant, had the most potent effects in lowering anxiety induced by heroin cues [ 4 ]. However, accumulating evidence from preclinical studies in human established that both opioids and cannabinoids regulate pain only that these two drugs had different effects on the brain.
Studies on marijuana have found that the drug has a stronger effect on how it communicated sensation between the neurons in the brain [ 8 ]. Besides, marijuana yields a significant benefit in relieving inflammation-based chronic pain as opposed to opioid analgesics, which have a strong effect in reducing acute pain [ 9 ].
Contrary to cannabinoids, opiate painkillers can quickly lead to addiction. Moreover, marijuana has a broader window of therapeutic benefits because the drug can provide pain relief for opioid addicts without causing a potential overdose. Recent preliminary findings suggest that marijuana could be an effective therapy in the management of opioid addictions. The findings are consistent with the report of the opioids addiction patients enrolled on the MCP [ 7 ].
Under this setting, the patients with the opioid use disorder were able to self-manage marijuana therapy and reduce the use of opioids for pain management. Nonetheless, meta-analysis shows that the safety and efficacy of the use of medical cannabis in the treatment of opioid addiction were statistically significant as the patients were able to engage in their own methods of harm reduction [ 3 ]. The latter included abstinence from the use of prescription opioids for pain relief.
Cannabis derivatives especially the CBD tends to be nonrewarding and can modulate the perception of anxiety common to patients addicted to opioids. Besides, CBD has no known side effects, and study reports indicate its low lethality [ 9 ]. Based on this aspect, medical cannabis can be considered a natural replacement for prescription opioids for pain management.
Likewise, published reports in the Trends in Neurosciences reveal that clinical CBD restores the neurobiological damage caused by opioid addictions [ 6 ]. According to a study by Samoilov and Browne , scientists have reported two major active chemicals found in the marijuana plant. And the controversy surrounding the plant means that not everyone in the US can legally use medicinal marijuana for any medical condition, let alone chronic pain.
Another chemical from marijuana, cannabinol CBD , may be a better option since it has very few to no psychoactive side effects. It is also thought to be useful in treating opioid addiction. It is much more easily tolerated than THC and its anxiolytic effects may help opioid users get through withdrawal.
Even after withdrawal, preclinical studies show that CBD may help prevent relapse due to drug craving. With many states in the US legalizing medical marijuana and whole countries, like Canada, legalizing recreational marijuana, there could soon be an effective therapy to treat addiction to painkillers and heroin. Furthermore, it could also be a suitable treatment for chronic pain, which is what many of today's addicts sought treatment for in the first place.
The below video illustrates both the causes of this opioid-use epidemic and why medical marijuana may be a good replacement to not only treat opioid addiction but to replace opioid-based painkillers for treating chronic pain. SEP 26, I am passionate about science. My specialties include neuroscience and psychology. This medicine was approved as a treat The Potential Anti-cancer Effects of Cannabinoids.
They're known for helping to reduce the impact of cancer drug side effects, but it's possible that cannabinoids themselves are cancer fighters Type II diabetes is a chronic debilitating disease originating from a combination of lifestyle and genetics that eventually leads to insulin resistance, th Cannabidiol CBD oils have been reported to have amazing health effects, from pain relief to anxiety relief to even cancer prevention.
At the end of the day, both prescription and non-prescription opioids can be obtained illegally and without a recommendation from a doctor — an unfortunate fact that has perpetuated the opioid epidemic for years. In light of recent numbers and estimates regarding opioid dependency and abuse , researchers have begun searching for safer methods of treatment that may be able to assist those who are going through abuse or addiction, and need to get clean.
The world of CBD has become an especially intriguing possibility, as researchers have begun collecting data as to its ability to help steer addicts from dependency and onto a cleaner, healthier, more natural path. Although further research certainly needs to be conducted over the coming years, there are publications that have already provided rather promising results.
Although many individuals exhibit glimpses of addictive traits that are tied to a variety of substances, a full-blown opioid addiction can sneak up upon you with few warning signs, as opioids are both physically and psychologically addictive to the body this is unlike CBD, which as of yet has not shown to cause instances of physically dependence. Other symptoms of opioid withdrawal include:. If the patient that is detoxifying their body from the drug can hang in there through several days or more of these painful symptoms, they often times are able to experience full relief and re-establish a complete, healthy lifestyle free from drug dependence.
Thousands of individuals have successfully used cannabis products including CBD for opioid addiction. If you or someone you know has developed a severe opioid addiction, be advised that there are numerous free resources throughout the U. These addictions are often times life-threatening, and making a simple phone call can realistically be the difference between a life saved, and a life lost. Nearly 3 million individuals across the U. The numbers are rather staggering, with roughly 58 opioid-based prescriptions written for every Americans in alone.
With numbers like these, it is only likely from a simple biological perspective that a percentage of patients will develop severe, life-threatening addictions. Even those who begin by taking their medications responsibly are still at risk of developing a physical dependence on the drugs.
As these kids grow older, they understandably feel that it is not a big deal to rely on opioid-based drugs — particularly ones that have been prescribed by a doctor. With this in mind, it makes sense that prescription opioids are commonly received while cannabis maintains an age-old stigma. And of course, in many instances people experience painful or serious injuries and are placed on long-term prescription painkillers in order to manage their discomfort, only to eventually realize that they cannot go through life without their drugs.
It is at this point that patients develop a dependency, which often manifests itself long after the actual injury has healed. On a more physiological level, the reason why someone becomes addicted to opioids is an especially complex matter, and varies greatly from person to person as well as the circumstances they undergo throughout life. This is why it is challenging to pinpoint one specific cause of addiction.
CBD for Opioid Addictions [Getting Through It Once and For All]
Keywords:: cannabis, opioid addiction, opioid treatment, relapse . In humans, subanalgesic doses of THC and morphine are equally. Chronic marijuana use appears to help opioid addicts stay on their anti-opioid treatment regimen. At least that's according to a new study. Sulak discussed the staggering scope of opioid abuse in America and a neglected treatment option for opioid addiction: medical cannabis. For more information.