If diuretics aren't enough to lower your blood pressure, your doctor might recommend adding other blood pressure medications to your treatment. Beta blockers lower blood pressure by acting directly on the heart. These high blood pressure medications reduce heart rate and force of pumping, as well as. Many blood pressure medications, known as antihypertensives, are available by prescription to lower high blood pressure (HBP or hypertension). There are a.
That Pressure Drugs Lower Blood
However, other side effects — such as erectile dysfunction from beta blockers, leg swelling from certain calcium-channel blockers, and cough from ACE inhibitors — tend to persist. When these occur, doctors often switch the person to a different class of blood pressure drug. More often than not, people require more than one drug to lower their blood pressure into a healthy range. And doctors have long known that it's more effective to add a second medication rather than raise the dose of the first one.
Taking a quarter-dose of three or four different medications looks like a promising strategy, but it needs to be tested in a larger, randomized trial, says Dr. Also, there are some possible pitfalls with this approach, he notes—including the fact that in general, the more pills you have to take, the less likely you are to take all of them.
And people with other health problems, such as kidney disease, cannot take certain classes of blood pressure drugs. Finally, while there are a number of two-drug combinations currently on the market, the available doses usually reflect those studied in previous trials, which tend to be high.
As a result, low-dose options are limited. Of course, people can use a pill splitter to divide most of these pills into halves or quarters. But don't do this on your own, cautions Dr. This is especially important for people who have heart disease, because blood pressure medications are the cornerstone therapy for treating many heart conditions, including heart rhythm disorders such as atrial fibrillation and heart failure.
Research showing the value of these therapies used full doses of the drugs, making the low doses in the multiple drug regimen of uncertain value. But if you don't have heart disease, it's worth asking your doctor about the possibility of lowering your blood pressure medication dose. During any routine office visit, be sure to review all your current medications with your physician and discuss any side effects you are experiencing.
Your provider will most likely start you on medicines and recommend lifestyle changes. Before making a final diagnosis of either elevated blood pressure or high blood pressure, your provider should ask you to have your blood pressure measured at home, at your pharmacy, or somewhere else besides their office or a hospital. If you have a higher risk for heart disease, diabetes, heart problems, or a history of a stroke, medicines may be started at lower blood pressure reading.
Most of the time, only a single drug will be used at first. Two drugs may be started if you have stage 2 high blood pressure. Several types of medicine are used to treat high blood pressure. Your provider will decide which type of medicine is right for you. You may need to take more than one type. Most blood pressure medicines are easy to take, but all medicines have side effects. Most of these are mild and may go away over time. Tell your provider as soon as possible if you have side effects or the side effects are causing you problems.
Most of the time, making changes to the dose of medicine or when you take it can help reduce side effects. Taking more than one medicine may change how your body absorbs or uses a drug.
Vitamins or supplements, different foods, or alcohol may also change how a drug acts in your body. Always ask your provider whether you need to avoid any foods, drinks, vitamins or supplements, or any other medicines while you are taking blood pressure medicine. Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Victor RG, Libby P. A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine 11th ed. J Am Coll Cardiol. High blood pressure medicines. Your provider will recommend lifestyle changes to bring your blood pressure down to a normal range.
Medicines are rarely used at this stage. When thinking about the best treatment, you and your provider must consider: If you have no other diseases or risk factors, your provider may recommend lifestyle changes and repeat the measurements after a few months.
How to Treat Hypertension
Simple lifestyle changes can often help reduce high blood pressure ( hypertension), although some people may need to take medication as well. Your GP can. In general, lower doses of blood pressure medicine are as effective as higher doses and cause fewer side effects. So, when trying to find. Looking for medication to treat high blood pressure? Find a side effects, dosage, and efficacy when used to treat or reduce the symptoms of high blood pressure.